Mathematics Degrees and Programs
Mathematics Department offers a variety of degrees and programs in order to meet the needs of students from all backgrounds and interests. Each program is designed with enough flexibility that allows students to explore the depth as well as breadth of mathematical concepts and applications.
Due to flexibility within each program and the regular offering of courses in the department, a student can complete each major or minor by starting as late as their Sophomore year. However we suggest you to talk with your advisor or department chair, Dr. Mark Jacobson, as soon as you identify math, math education, statistics, or computer science as one of your interests.
Following are the currently offered majors and minors in the department.
(click on degree name to view details including the course requirements and plan of study)
Mathematics  B.S.
OVERVIEW
Bachelor of Science in Mathematics major is designed to prepare students for fields from technical to legal, from scientific to managerial, and from computational to philosophic. The program exposes students to the fundamentals of mathematics as well as gives them a solid mathematical foundation.
The major is designed to include students with a wide variety of goals, tastes, and backgrounds. It can accommodate students who wants to explore the beauty of mathematics but whose plans after graduation may not be mathrelated. Along with a major in mathematics, students can major/minor in physics, preengineering, business studies, finance, economics, chemistry, computer science or other fields. This program is intended for students who want to pursue graduate studies and careers requiring a strong mathematical background.
REQUIRED CORE COURSES
To major in mathematics, students must complete 11 courses at 200 level and above, and the capstone course, with a grade of at least C. Complete degree requirements can be found in the General Bulletin.
 CSCI 111A Programming with Java I (4 credits)
 M 110 Mathematics Computing (1 credit)
 M 171 Calculus I (4 credits)
 M 172 Calculus II (4 credits)
 M 242 Methods of Proof (3 credits)
 M 273 Multivariable Calculus (4 credits)
 M 274 Introduction to Differential Equations (4 credits)
 M 305 Discrete Structures I (4 credits)
 M 329 Modern Geometry (3 credits)
 M 333 Linear Algebra (4 credits)
 M 371 Numerical Computing (4 credits)
 M 431 Abstract Algebra I (3 credits)
 M 471 Mathematical Analysis (3 credits)
 M 472 Introduction to Complex Analysis (3 credits)
 STAT 341 Introduction to Probability & Statistics (4 credits)
 M 499 Capstone (3 credits)
SUGGESTED SCHEDULE FOR REQUIRED CORE COURSES
The following sample schedule is a suggested plan for students to follow in completing the Bachelor of Science Major in Mathematics. Due to course schedule changes and staff assignments, students may not be able to follow the plan exactly. Students should consult with their advisors to plan classes before registering each semester.
YEAR  FALL  SPRING 
FRESHMAN 
M 171 CSCI 111A 
M 110 M 172 
SOPHOMORE 
M 273 M 305

M 242 M 333 STAT 341 
JUNIOR 
M 329 M 471 
M 371 M 472 
SENIOR 
M 431 M 499 
M 274 
Mathematics  B.S. (Teacher Licensure)
OVERVIEW
Bachelor of Science in Mathematics  Teaching Licensure (Single Subject Endorsement) is designed to prepare students intending to teach Mathematics in Elementary, Secondary and High Schools. All students desiring licensure to teach are required to file an Application for Admission to the Educator Preparation Program (see page 254 in the catalog).
The program aims to expose students to the fundamentals of mathematics as well as gives them a solid foundation in pedagogical skills. The focus is in developing both classroom management skills and contentrelated skills in students as get ready to teach. In addition to core mathematics and education courses, the students in their last semester are placed a supervised field experience in a secondary setting that allows the student to demonstrate teaching skills in the classroom with a variety of learners. Students, in collaboration with the mentor teacher, engage students in learning and participate in related experiences associated with the teaching profession. Onsite mentoring and university supervision are integral to this experience. Students participate in the Capstone Seminar scheduled throughout the professional semester.
REQUIRED CORE COURSES
To major in mathematics with teaching lecensure, students must complete the following courses in Mathematics and Education with a grade of at least C. Complete degree requirements can be found in the General Bulletin.
Education Courses:
 EDSP 204 Introduction to Teaching Exceptional Learners (3 credits)
 EDU 105 Education and Democracy (3 credits)
 EDU 220 Human Growth and Development (3 credits)
 EDU 221 Educational Psychology and Measurement (3 credits)
 EDU 333 Reading and Writing Across the Curriculum (3 credits)
 EDU 354 Secondary Junior Field (2 credits)
 EDU 380 Introduction to Curriculum Planning/Practice (2 credits)
 EDU 406 Philosophical, Legal and Ethical Issues in Education (3 credits)
 EDU 495 Student teaching (9 credits)
 HTH 412 Drugs and Alcohol (1 credit)
 EDU 497B Method: 512 Mathematics (2 credits)
 EDU 497R Methods: 58 Mathematics (2 credits)
 EDU 494 Seminar/Workshop (Mathematics) (1 credit)
Mathematics Courses:
 CSCI 111A Programming with Java I (4 credits)
 M 110 Mathematics Computing (1 credit)
 M 171 Calculus I (4 credits)
 M 172 Calculus II (4 credits)
 M 242 Methods of Proof (3 credits)
 M 273 Multivariable Calculus (4 credits)
 M 305 Discrete Structures I (4 credits)
 M 329 Modern Geometry (3 credits)
 M 333 Linear Algebra (4 credits)
 M 371 Numerical Computing (4 credits)
 M 431 Abstract Algebra I (3 credits)
 M 471 Mathematical Analysis (3 credits)
 M 472 Introduction to Complex Analysis (3 credits)
 STAT 341 Introduction to Probability & Statistics (4 credits)
 M 499 Capstone (3 credits)
SUGGESTED SCHEDULE FOR REQUIRED CORE COURSES
The following sample schedule is a suggested plan for students to follow in completing the Bachelor of Science Major in Mathematics with Teaching Licensure. Due to course schedule changes and staff assignments, students may not be able to follow the plan exactly. Students should consult with their advisors to plan classes before registering each semester.
YEAR  FALL  SPRING 
FRESHMAN 
M 171 CSCI 111A EDU 105 or 200 
M 110 M 172 EDU 220 
SOPHOMORE 
M 273 M 305 HTH 412 EDSP 204 
M 242 M 333 STAT 341 EDU 221 
JUNIOR 
M 329 M 471 
M 371 M 472 EDU 380 EDU 497R 
SENIOR 
M 431 M 499 EDU 497B EDU 494 EDU 333 
EDU 406 EDU 495 
Mathematics  Minor
Minor in Mathematics is designed to provide students with a strong mathematical background that can help them advance their career is a variety of fields from technical to legal, from scientific to managerial, and from computational to philosophic. With a minor in mathematics, a student stands as a strong candidate as they apply for graduate schools and employment in areas of sciences and social sciences such as physics, chemistry, biology, economics, finance and accounting.
REQUIREMENTS
To minor in mathematics, students must complete the following courses with a grade of at least C.
 CSCI 111A Programming with Java I (4 credits)
 M 110 Mathematics Computing (1 credit)
 M 171 Calculus I (4 credits)
 M 172 Calculus II (4 credits)
 M 242 Methods of Proof (3 credits)
 M 273 Multivariable Calculus (4 credits)
 M 333 Linear Algebra (4 credits)
SUGGESTED SCHEDULE FOR REQUIRED CORE COURSES
A student can complete a minor in mathematics by starting as late as their junior year. However, due to possible course schedule changes and staff assignments, students are advised to start taking math courses as early as possible. Students should consult with their advisors to plan classes before registering each semester.
Mathematics  Teaching Minor (100% online coursework)
Help address the STEM deficit in our schools by pursuing an endorsement in math.
OVERVIEW
The Math Teaching Minor is traditionally leveraged by education majors seeking initial licensure in a primary subject other than math but who would like to be qualified to teach mathematics. Given the need for highly qualified math teachers in the state of Montana, MSUB has redesigned the minor to target alreadylicensed educators seeking to add a math endorsement to their license. The 25 credit minor is sensitive to the geographical concerns faced by Montana’s teachers in that the coursework is 100 percent online, meaning anyone anywhere in the state can complete the program.
Who can enroll in the math teaching minor?
 Educators holding a teaching license in another secondary subject.
 Educators holding elementary licensure who wish to teach middleschool math.
 Students enrolled in MSUB’s teacherprep program who wish to add a math endorsement to another major.
REQUIREMENTS
To minor in mathematics teaching, students must complete the following courses in mathematics and education.
 M 121 College Algebra (3 credits)
 M 122 Trigonometry (3 credits)
 M 161 Survey of Calculus (3 credits)
 M 242 Methods of Proof (3 credits)
 M 329 Modern Geometry (3 credits)
 STAT 216 Intro to Statistics (4 credits)
 EDU 494 Seminar/Workship (1 credit)
 EDU 497R Methods: 58 Math (3 credits)
 EDU 497B Methods: 512 Math (2 credits)
SUGGESTED SCHEDULE FOR REQUIRED CORE COURSES
The minor can be completed in as little as 14 months, depending on when the candidate enrolls. Candidates who enroll in a semester other than an oddnumbered summer will follow a slightly difference sequence than the one outlined to the right, possibly resulting in a longer time frame.
YEAR  SUMMER  FALL  SPRING 
1 
M 121 M 161 
STAT 216 EDU 497R 
M 122 EDU 94 
2 
M 242 M 329 EDU 497B 
Can I substitute other math courses for those listed in the minor?
If you have completed other math courses, substitutions may be made on a casebycase
basis at the discretion of the program. Contact Mark Jacobson or Cori Hart to discuss your course history.
What else will I need to do to earn my endorsement in math?
In addition to maintaining a 2.65 GPA and completing all required coursework with
a grade of C or higher, candidates for a math endorsement must undergo a teaching
evaluation and take and pass the Praxis Subject Assessment for math. Candidates must
also complete and submit the appropriate OPI application materials. Detailed information
can be found at msubillings.edu/coe/fieldexper/Licensure.htm.
How much will it cost?
The total cost to complete the minor is approximately $7,000 for Montana residents.
Financial assistance in the form of federally subsidized student loans may be available
for qualified candidates.
How do I apply?
Application information can be found on the Graduate Studies website. See msubillings.edu/grad.
Computer Science  Minor
Minor in Computer Science is designed to provide students with certain programming and computing skills that can help them advance their career is a variety of fields from technical to legal, from scientific to managerial, and from computational to philosophic. With a minor in mathematics, a student stands as a strong candidate as they apply for graduate schools in Computer Sciences.
REQUIREMENTS
To minor in mathematics, students must complete the following courses with a grade of at least C.
 CSCI 111A Programming with Java I (4 credits)
 CSCI 132 Basic Data Structures and Algorithms (4 credits)
 M 305 Data Structures I (4 credits)
 M 306 Data Structures II (4 credits)
 Electives in Computer Science (5 credits)
SUGGESTED SCHEDULE FOR REQUIRED CORE COURSES
A student can complete a minor in computer science by starting as late as their junior year. However, due to possible course schedule changes and staff assignments, students are advised to start taking math courses as early as possible. Students should consult with their advisors to plan classes before registering each semester.
Statistics  Minor
In today's world data plays an important role in analyzing several aspects of organizations and businesses. While the importance and availability of data available continues to grow in any sector, the ability to accurately analyze and present is becoming increasingly appealing to employers. A minor in Statistics will equip you will provide you a strong background in principles and techniques of collecting and analyzing data. With this minor, a student stands as a strong candidate as they apply for graduate schools and employment in areas of sciences and social sciences such as physics, chemistry, biology, economics, finance and accounting.
REQUIREMENTS
To minor in statistics, students must complete a minimum of 20 credits from the following two groups:
 Group A (1117 credits):
 Required Course:
 STAT 216 Introduction to Statistics (4 credits)
 One or both of:
 STAT 217 Intermediate Statistical Concepts (4 credits)
 STAT 341 Introduction to Probability & Statistics (4 credits)
 Electives:
Choose 0 9 credits from the list below or other courses chosen in consultation with the Math Department advisor. The elective courses are not limited to the list below. Students should contact the Math Department to confirm the eligibility of any course with an adequate statistics component to count as an elective in this group.
 BGEN 315 Applied Business Decisions (3 credits)
 BMGT 322 Operations Management (3 credits)
 BMKT 342 Marketing Research (3 credits)
 BMKT 411 Services/Relationship Marketing (3 credits)
 SOCI 318 Soc iological Research Methods (3 credits)
 SOCI 319 Statistics for Sociologists (3 credits)
 SOCI 499 Senior Thesis/Capstone (3 credits)
 STAT 141 Introduction to Statistical Concepts (3 credits)
 STAT 492 Independent Study (13 credits)
 PSYX 222 Psychological Statistics (3 credits)
 PSYX 223 Research Design and Analysis I (3 credits)
 PSYX 320 Research Methods III (3 credits)
 PSYX 321 Research Methods III Lab (1 credit)
 PSYX 499 Senior Thesis (3 credits)
 Required Course:
 Group B (39 credits):
 Required Course ( choose one)
 M 161 Survey of Calculus (3 credits)
 M 171 Calculus I (4 credits)
 Electives: Choose 06 credits from the list below or other courses chosen in consultation
with the Math Department advisor. The elective courses are not limited to the list
below. Students should contact the Math Department to confirm the eligibility of any
course with an adequate math or statistics component to count as an elective in this
group.
 CHMY 371 Physical ChemistryQuantum Chemistry and Spectroscopy (3 credits)
 CHMY 373 Physical Chemistry Kinetics and Thermodynamics (3 credits)
 CSCI 111A Programming with Java I (4 credits)
 CSCI 246 Discrete Structures (4 credits)
 CSCI 320 Numerical Methods (4 credits)
 M 172 Calculus II (4 credits)
 Any M 200level or above (34 credits)
 PHSX 232 Physics II and Thermo (3 credits)
 PHSX 343 Modern Physics (3 credits)
 Required Course ( choose one)
SUGGESTED SCHEDULE FOR REQUIRED CORE COURSES
A student can complete a minor in statistics by starting as late as their junior year. However, due to possible course schedule changes and staff assignments, students are advised to start taking math and statistics courses as early as possible. Students should consult with their advisors to plan classes before registering each semester.
Listed below are the learning outcomes for Mathematics Department:
 Have proficiency in geometry, trigonometry, functions, calculus, probability and statistics, matrix algebra, and discrete math
 Have the ability to follow mathematical reasoning and to both recognize as well as construct valid mathematical proofs
 Be able to use technology such as Minitab, Mathematica, MathXL, and calculators for mathematical problem solving
 Demonstrate mathematical understanding through classroom presentations