"A book is like a garden carried in the pocket." (Chinese Proverb)
One-of-a-kind Artist's Books are my studio passion going back to the mid-1990s.
These books synthesize the physical three-dimensional structure with a visual
message. The messages in text and structure most often question ideas and practices
taken for granted by "readers," and, at other times, are current ideas from my personal
life or even global challenges. Also, I make some "pretty books" wholly concentrating
on aesthetics. Thus, my books could be categorized in the modern as well as post-
Often I make hand-made paper from Montana natural materials intermingled with the
use of commercial paper pulps. Hand-made papers from other papermakers are used
also. Whatever the paper source, I attempt to emphasize and to stretch the inherent
attributes of the paper.
Techniques used to illustrate the books' messages include: collage, painting,
printmaking and the embedding or attaching of "found objects." I do appreciate that
creating my Artist's Books permits use of many constructing processes that I have
learned through my years in art. Some books have specially made containers:
Constructing containers or reworking "found" containers for these books presents
additional challenges. Combining traditional and unusual materials and processes in a
playful yet very serious way is always the focus.
Spreading the structure and messages of Artists' Books is evident in the many ways
that books become part of my instructional program here at Montana State University
Billings. Beyond the classroom setting, workshops for all ages and abilities are given
upon request at the local, regional and national levels. My books are entered in juried
exhibit and gallery venues. With the above ideas in mind, I prefer that the "reader" wear
those pesky white gloves to handle my Artist's Books when the books are in exhibits
and galleries. Display cases and vitrenes are not my favorite ways to showcase my
Many satisfying hours are spent in my home studio creating Artist's Books.
"You can travel a great deal of country in books." (Andrew Lang)
Degrees & Certification
University of Wisconsin - Madison, WI
1977 M.S.Ed. Eastern Montana College/now
Montana State University
1968-2008 State of Montana Teacher Certification
for Art (K-12) & Biology
1962 B. A. Lawrence University,
& Leadership Experiences
2008 Chair of the MSU Billings Department of Art.
1999-2007 MSU Billings Professor. I
teach art education classes
majors/minors and for elementary education, special
graduate students. In 2006 received
from University for 30 Years of Service
Eastern Montana College).
2005 Spring ART/CMPT/HONORS
class titled The "Real"
Message of the
Written and Visual Text. Team-taught with
McBride, Associate Professor in Department
Mathematics. MSU Billings.
1998-2002 Chair of the
MSU Billings Department of Art.
with others include:
1. Ten Year
Accreditation with the National Association of
Schools of Art
and Design (NASAD)
graphics Area of Concentration established for
renovations of physical facilities in the art
gallery spaces in the Liberal Arts Building
scholarship monies increased from previous years
Continuation of Visiting Artists' Program.
2006-2007 Sabbatical from
MSU Billings to research facets of
including interviews of artists, private & public
Artists' Books followed by curating of
international-invitational exhibit titled
Artists' Books: Visual
Expressions in Northcutt Steele Gallery, and
hand-made papers for original one-of-a-kind Artist's
1984-1998 & MSU Billings/EMC professor in art
education and art studio.
1989 Rocky Mountain
College, Billings, MT, art education
1986 University of
Wisconsin - Madison, WI, TA in art
1982-1984 University of
Wisconsin - Madison, WI, PA in Office
of Field Experiences.
1981-1982 University of
Illinois - Champaign/Urbana, IL, TA in Saturday
1968-1978 Billings West High
School, Billings, MT, art instructor.
1964-1968 Neenah Joint School
District, Neenah, WI, elementary art
1963-1964 Edgerton School
District, Edgerton, WI, elementary art
1962-1963 Kenosha School
District, Kenosha, WI, elementary art