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AP Resources - Chapter 4/5

Chapter 4

 

 DNA structure/function

 

Nucleotides

 

Nitrogenous Base

 

Cytosine

 

Thymine

 

Uracil

 

Adenine

 

Guanine

 

Base Pairs

 

Law of complementary base pairing

 

RNA structure/function

 

Gene Expression

 

mRNA

transcribe

 

Transcription

 

rRNA

 

3 attachment sites

 

Translation

 

Codon

 

tRNA

 

 

Mitosis

 

PMAT

P

M

A

T

 

Chapter 5

 

Epithelial tissue

 

3 major glands that epithelial tissue forms

 

Exocrine

 

Classes of Exocrine

 

Merocrine

 

Apocrine

 

Holocrine

 

Myoepithelial Cells

 

Endocrine

 

Hormone

 

Protein based

 

Lipid based

 

Target cell

 

Connective Tissue

 

Cells in CT

 

Blast

 

Cyte

 

Clast

 

Mast

 

Macrophage

 

Protein Fibers

 

Ground substance

 

GAG (glycosaminoglycan)

 

Proteoglycan

 

Chondoitin

 

Lacuna

 

Types of CT tissue

 

Fibrous

 

a. Loose CT

 

b. Dense CT

 

i. Dense regular

 

ii. Dense irregular

 

c. Areolar

 

 

CT

 

d. Reticular

 

e. Adipose tissue (FAT)

 

Cartilage

 

f. Hyaline

 

g. Fibrocartilage

 

h. Elastic

 

Bone

 

i. Compact

 

j. Spongy

 

Blood

 

Plasma

 

Formed Elements

 

Erythrocytes

 

Excitable Tissue

 

Nervous Tissue

 

Neurons

 

Neuroglia

 

Soma

Axon (nerve fiber) 

 

Muscular Tissue

 

a. Skeletal Muscle

 

Muscle fibers

 

Sphincter

 

b. Cardiac muscle

 

Myocytes

 

Intercalated

 

c. Smooth muscle

 

Visceral Muscle

 

Membrane potential

 

Intercellular Junctions, Glands, Membranes

 

Intracellular Junctions

 

Tight Junctions

 

Desmosomes

 

Gap Junctions

 

Gland

 

endocrine

 

Exocrine

 

Membranes

 

Mucous Membrane

 

Function

 

Serous Membrane

 

Cutaneous Membrane (Skin)

 

Periosteum, endosteum, perichondrium

 

Synovial Membrane

 

Inflammation

 

Process of Inflammation

 

5 symptoms

 

Mediators of inflammation

 

4 types of chemicals

 

2 types of localized effects

 

Chemotaxis

 

Tissue Repair

 

3 classes of cells

 

2 types of repair

 

replacement

 

regeneration

 

Process of tissue repair

 

Angiogenisis

 

Types of blood vessels

 

Granulation

 

Tumors/Cancer

 

Neoplasm

 

2 kinds

 

1. benign

 

2. malignant

 

Cancer

 

Oncology

 

Hypertrophy

 

Atrophy

 

Hyperplagia

 

Apoptosis